- Reports and Brochures / Pamphlets
- Child Rights
The written sources are divided into the following categories:
Articles: This section contains descriptive and analytical information which includes articles written in Persian magazines for children and youth (primary sources) and discussions on these writings in the form of books and translations (secondary sources).
Theses: This section contains descriptive and analytical data from Persian university theses on children and youth.
Reports and Brochures/Pamphlets: This section contains descriptive and analytical data on reports, research projects and brochures of institutions, exhibitions and conferences dedicated to the subject matter of children and youth.
Documents: This section contains descriptive and analytical documents on children and youth.
Child Rights: This sub-section contains data on Civil Rights and Criminal Law for children and youth.
We hold 5143 Written Sources.
- Book Images
- Magazine Images
The Visual Sources are divided into the following categories:
Images: This section contains descriptive and analytical data on a selection of images from books and magazines for children and youth (primary sources).
Book Images: This sub-section contains descriptive and analytical data on a selection of images from children and youth books.
Magazine Images : This sub-section contains descriptive and analytical data on a selection of images from children and youth magazines
Pictures: This section contains descriptive and analytical data in the form of pictures of children and youth and that of persons, places, exhibitions, conferences, etc., dedicated to the subject matter of children and youth.
Posters: This section contains descriptive and analytical data on posters from plays and films for children and youth.
We hold 5363 Visual Sources.
- Audio Materials
The Audio-visual Sources are divided into the following categories:
Films: This section contains descriptive and analytical data on films for children and youth in Persian.
Audio Materials: This section contains descriptive and analytical data in the format of gramophone records and cassette tapes for children and youth.
We hold 15 Audio-visual sources.
Organizations are divided into the following categories:
Institutions: This section contains descriptive information on the duties and activities of child and youth oriented institutions.
Publishers: This section contains descriptive information on the activities of child and youth oriented publishers.
We hold 22 relevant data in this section.
- Awards in Literature and Art
- Conferences, Festivals, Exhibitions
This section contains descriptive and analytical information on magazines for children and youth in Persian, Turkish, Kurdish, Armenian and Assyrian (primary sources). It also contains information on magazines about children and youth (secondary sources).
This section (manuscripts, lithography, print) contains descriptive and analytical information on books for children and youth in Persian, Turkish, Kurdish, Armenian and Assyrian (primary sources). It also includes written or translated books on children and youth (secondary sources).
We hold 2339 relevant data in this section.
This section is a collection of biographies for Iranian figures of art, literature and science that have produced material for or about children. There are also biographies of foreign figures whose child-oriented work has been translated in Iran.
We hold 122 relevant data in this section.
- Toy Vehicles
- Action Figure Toys
- Educational Toys
- Doll Houses
- Interactive Toys ( Visual)
- Interactive Toys ( Musical)
- Traditional Toys
- Handmade Toys / Toys Made by People ( Folk Toys)
- National Toys / Toys of Nations
- Other Toys
Toy Vehicles: In this category, there are cars, planes, trains and other types of toy vehicles built in Iran or imported to Iran for Iranian children up until 1979.
Action Figure Toys: Different types of guns, cannons, tanks, shooting bows and other action figure toys that children in Iran played with up until 1979.
Educational Toys: In this section there are toys that are not only entertaining but also serve an educational and mind stimulating purpose.
Doll Houses: This section contains doll house accessories that Iranian children used in games such as Khaleh Bazi (Playing House/ Auntie Play).
Interactive Toys (Visual): A number of toys serve a visual purpose and contribute toward children’s visual growth. This group contains old examples of such toys including kaleidoscopes and view-masters used by children.
Interactive Toys (Musical): In this section there are Sut Sutak (whistles), small drums, bells and rattles that activated children’s sense of hearing.
Traditional Toys: In this section traditional toys or toys made by people (or handmade) are presented. These toys not only served the needs of families with children but were also a source of income for the producing families.
Folk Toys (Toys made by People): In this section there are toys made be people or children with discarded material. At present they remain in original or revised forms.
National Toys: The toys in this section have become the symbol of their respective countries throughout history.
- National Costume Dolls / Dolls of Nations
- Stuffed Animals
- Dolls made by People ( Folk Dolls)
Dolls: This section contains dolls that were manufactured inside Iran or outside of Iran, and in the latter case brought to Iran for Iranian children by means of travellers and importers.
National Costume Dolls: This section contains dolls that are dressed in national costumes and have thus turned into a symbol of their respective countries. The significance of these dolls lies in their national or local costumes and not the actual doll itself.
Puppets: This section contains dolls or puppets that were used in children’s theatres and plays.
Stuffed Animals: This section contains dolls in the shape of different animals.
Dolls made by People ( Folk Dolls): This section contains dolls that mothers and grandmothers made for their children with the use of fabrics, wood and other material. These dolls are presented in their original or revised formats.
Statues: This section contains statues that were not used as toys but displayed as decorations inside children’s rooms. There are also statues with linkages to childhood culture.
- Student Tools
- Facilities for Educational Institutions
- Educational and Supplementary Tools
- Seals and Logos
- Arts and Crafts
Stationary: This section contains old stationaries such as pencils, pens, erasers and other type of stationary that children used in the past.
Student Tools: In this section there are writing tools and school supplies such as bags for school children.
Facilities for Educational Institutions: In this section there are items such as black boards, desks, chairs, etc., that were of use in educational environments and served general purposes.
Educational and Supplementary Tools: In this section there are items such as wooden alphabet letters, abacuses, posters and maps that were of use to students in classrooms.
Seals and Logos: This section contains seals, logos and medals of different institutions.
Arts and Crafts: Arts and crafts were an important part of students’ homework and were completed in different periods. A number of them are held in this section.
- Theatre Costumes
Accessories: This section contains different kinds of accessories for children, including those that provided relief and protection from evil eyes and misfortunes.
Overclothes: This section contains a selection of clothes and fabrics in a variety of models that have been used by children and youth from different nations throughout history.
Hats: This section contains a variety of hats from different periods.
Shoes: This section contains a collection of shoes in a variety of styles and materials used by children in different historical periods.
Theatre Costumes: This section contains theatre costumes that children have worn.
Masks: This section contains a variety of masks used by children in plays and games.
- Children’s Tools
- Musical Instruments
Children’s Tools: This section contains all object and items that have linkages with children’s lives in different ways.
Games: This section contains tools which were used by children in their games and sports but do not fall under the category of toys.
Musical Instruments: This section contains musical instruments that belonged to children from different periods.
Iran and World Museums
- Iran Museums
- Items in Iran Museums
- World Museums
- Items in World Museums
The Virtual Museum of childhood culture has an historical and anthropological approach to the period of childhood in Iran. One way to identify child-related items throughout history is to search for these cultural heritages in prominent museums inside and outside of Iran. By doing so, the treasuries of historical, archaeological and anthropological museums in Iran and worldwide can be examined in order to find items linked to the lives of children in Iran. Consequently, visitors can have access to these items by means pictures and certificates. To this end, you can help our colleagues in the museum to complete this section by gathering information and pictures on child-related items in your local museum or during your trips around the country and abroad.
Background and Origins
In this section, the visitors are presented with backgrounds and origins of the objects and items held in the museum. With the use of sources in Persian and other languages, the history behind a number of these items is explained for visitors. Some items have more comprehensive backgrounds such as plastic dolls, dolls with ceramic faces, tuneable toys, cradles and hammocks, children’s clothes, stationary, etc., and some backgrounds are more specific such as that of “Snoopy”, “Lego” and “Wonder Horse”.
In this section, visitors are presented with books and articles published throughout time on different topics such as the museum activities ,the evaluation and selection process of games and toys and the ways in which toys are made by different people.
Folk Toys (Toys Made by People)
Before the formation of toy factories and workshops, toys were not mass produced for children. Thus the families would build toys for their children by using discarded and natural materials such as flowers, wood, metals, tins, fabrics and textiles. In several periods of Iranian and world history, the families did not make these toys for entertaining children but for familiarizing them with the world of adulthood and preparing them for their future responsibilities. These toys are categorized as Folk Toys.
Sadly many of these toys have been lost throughout time but their memories are alive in the minds of middle-aged and elderly people. The memories of these groups have made it clear that many Iranian children and youth built toys from 1931-1961. Even when mass produced toys were introduced by factories, children from low income families continued to build their own toys.
In order to complete their studies on childhood, the Institute researchers have spoken to these age groups and have registered their memories. This page contains pictures of Folk Toys that have been rebuilt along with the name of the builder and description of the building process.
There are no clear lines between folk toys and traditional toys. Traditional toys are the same as folk toys and handmade toys that were produced to serve as an income for families. Toy builders placed special significance on the professionalism and appearance of their products in hopes for better sales in the markets. The building of some of these toys has continued throughout time in different cities and societies and has thus become a local or national symbol. For example, knitted dolls of Masule have become the traditional toy of this city. In China, colourful and figurative kites stand as symbol for this country.